How To Greet Someone In Uganda. ::: (Language - Luganda)

Oli otya / Hello from Uganda         Osibye Otya / How has been your day?

Uganda is known as the “pearl of Africa” for its remarkable beauty. It also has a high rate of poverty and one of the youngest and fastest-growing populations in the world. Taasa Orphan Program assisted Children experience these realities daily. But you are making sure, there is hope.

Uganda Statistics


COMMON LANGUAGES: Luganda, English, Swahili

45.1% Protestant, 39.3% Roman Catholic, 13.7% Muslim

About Uganda

It is impolite to simply say, “Hi.” When greeting a Ugandan, it is customary to ask, “How are you?” Ugandans refer to foreigners as “mzungu.” Although you do have to watch for cars, the primary form of transportation for Ugandans is bicycles. Matooke is a staple food in Uganda. It is made with unripened bananas that have been mashed. Malaria-carrying mosquitoes can be found in Uganda. They are typically active from midnight to 5 a.m.

A Pearl is rare, Uganda is one of a kind Country, and there are no others like it in all of Africa. A country that has been gifted by Nature, making it one of the World's most bio diverse nations in the World.

What is Uganda known for?

Uganda Statistics

55% of children 0 to 4 in Uganda live in poverty

24% of children aged 1 to 5 – live in extreme poverty.

38% of children aged 6 to 17 in Uganda live in poverty

18% of people above 18 years live in extreme poverty.

Almost one-quarter of Uganda's GDP comes from agriculture. The area is known for its tea, tobacco, and cotton production. Uganda is a landlocked country that is made up of savannas, mountains, and lakes. The endangered mountain gorilla resides in the Ruwenzori Mountains of Uganda.

Diseases are one of the most causes of poverty in Uganda. Infant and child mortality rates remain high, with 131 deaths per 1,000 births. Families in Uganda are often large. With the lack of finances and resources, larger families are highly likely to fall below the poverty line. Poor health also reduces a family’s work productivity, causing poverty to be passed down through generations.

In fact, 69% of the population lives on less than $ 1 a day, and most of this limited income (63%) is spent on food. The majority of Ugandan citizens are struggling to get even the most basic health care. Most Ugandans need 2 or 3 jobs to survive, often even to ensure a living standard below the poverty line.


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Food & Nutrition

they perceive hunger as representative of poverty

Not having enough to eat is a primary concern of Ugandan children, and they perceive hunger as representative of poverty. Children in both rural and urban areas commonly report eating only one or two meals a day. Children are also concerned about engaging in labour to produce or buy food, and how insufficient meals during the day diminish their ability to learn in school.
Under nutrition is not merely the result of too little food, but of a combination of factors, such as insufficient protein and micronutrients, frequent infection or disease, poor care and feeding practices, and unsafe water and sanitation. High fertility rates and short intervals between births are also contributing factors in Uganda.

“I eat only one meal a day, and in the afternoon I don’t understand what the teacher teaches because of missing a meal. I doze in class in the afternoon lessons.” BOY, AGED 14,


difficulties and high costs of treatment

A healthy child generally has little concern for their own heath, and for many of the children who participated in the research for the CPR this was the case. Mothers, however – perhaps wiser, although sometimes children themselves – expressed great worries, with both the health risks their children faced, but also the difficulties and high costs of treatment.
Some children had personally felt the impacts of poor health and a health system that could not meet their needs, some remaining with permanent disabilities. And even children untouched by health concerns themselves were worried for their parents, with frequent concerns about the impact of HIV/AIDS, and fear of the permanent consequences that of a sudden health downturn could have to the life of a household. Overall, health remains an area of high concern for children.

“My sister died in 2007. My sister died when I was the one heading the family. My sister was suffering from high fever. We took her to Bundibugyo hospital. They sent us to Mulago Hospital. We did not see the money to take us there and she ended up dying.” BOY, 15, HOUSEHOLD HEAD, BUNDIBUGYO


Child Protection

Children have the right to be protected

Children have the right to be protected. They have the right to be protected from sexual abuse and physical violence, from exploitation, and from being sold into marriage, as a start. These fundamental protections are basic human rights children have in this world, enshrined in the Convention on the Rights of the Child and in other documents almost all nations have signed into law.
The essential ethic underlying “child protection” is that there will be someone doing the safeguarding. Parents, guardians, teachers, community members, elders, friends, siblings, grandparents – in order to ascertain which of these groups of people is most or least equipped to protect a child depends on myriad factors – indeed, it may be different for each child. But what if a child finds she is not safe in school or at home or in the community? Who shall stand up for her?

“Most parents tend to look at girls as a source of wealth through marrying off the girls and payment of bride price, and gifts.” GIRL IN SCHOOL, 14 YEARS OLD, WESTERN UGANDA


water is both a critical necessity and a concern

For families across Uganda, water is both a critical necessity and a concern. If it's not close, time will run out. If it is not safe, it will cause illness. Collecting water - for drinking, cooking and cleaning - is a daily requirement that requires both time and strenuous effort for those who do not have the luxury of pipes running to or at least close to their homes. This is time and effort that is taken away from other important activities, such as school.
Children bear the greatest responsibility for fetching water. For many, it takes more than an hour to travel, and sometimes the water source is not functioning or is overcrowded with people. So, a child has to travel further, or the household resorts to unsafe water, which causes diarrhea and other illnesses. Children over 10 years old report carrying about 20 liters of water cans every day - a difficult task for everyone, let alone a small child. Children's experience of water deprivation is related to the time and effort it takes to get the water, the quality of the water coming from the well (it may be discolored or unsafe), and the need for a Dirty open water source. For some adolescent girls, who often assume the responsibility of fetching water for the household, the experience of deprivation extends beyond being physically unsafe in their own community. Many girls are concerned about sexual abuse or harassment on their trek to water - a real concern given that so many girls have been abused before them. It is clear that the efforts of the government and partners over the past decade have produced encouraging progress in terms of better access to better water.

“Mostly girls fetch water. If you tell a boy to fetch water he may beat you up.” GIRL, AGED BETWEEN 15 TO 17 YEARS, IGANGA.



Children have the right to be protected

Shelter is by definition a word that conveys protection – from the elements, from animals and vermin, from people who mean to do harm. It means home, it is a place where family converges, where love and food are shared. Within the realm of a child’s most basic needs, shelter is primary. Each day the poorest children in Uganda are faced with struggles that connect to their shelter.
For those living in the most vulnerable situations, there may not be a shelter to return to each night – they may be homeless, or living in temporary settings that are uncertain. For children who are fortunate to have shelter, their concerns turn to overcrowding of the home, and the quality of the structure. Some also worry about the safety of their home – particularly those living in Karamoja, Northern Uganda, where cattle raids and deadly violence continue to be a real concern.

“Children don’t sleep on anything; they sleep on the ground. Some poor children sleep at night covered with their shirts and others sleep on dry banana leaves as their bed. There are other children who sleep in the bush.” COMMENTS ON SHELTER MADE BY BOYS IN SCHOOL, AGED 11 TO 14, WESTERN UGANDA

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